Monday, November 16, 2009

Organ Hervormde kerk Farmsum 1823 Lohman organ

Inleidend Orgelspel voor de dienst Hervormde kerk Farmsum
Dennis Wubs


the book "History of Groningen" reported that since about 900 a church existed in Farmsum. This would have been founded by Ludger. In the thirteenth century a limestone building is built, which in later years frequently is embellished. From 1415, this church is a Dekenaat church. Late sixteenth century the church has an organ and a carillon. The carillon is lost in 1580 as a troop Groninger soldiers rob six bells (and ten from Appingedam) to hang them in the Martini. In 1664 an itinerant Jesuit describes the building as a "... great proosdijekerck with a high thoorn ...". The tower also served as a beacon for sailors on the Dollard.

The old organ was renovated in 1696 in by Joachim Kaijser (Jever, Germany) and in 1729 a repair and renewal took place by N A Willenbrock from Alkmaar, who looked after the maintenance to 1732. Thereafter, A A Hinsz, F C Schnitger and the Lohman family worked on the organ. In 1828, the instrument is more or less described: it has 17 voices and 6 ancillary stops including drum & Nightingale. The pipes have a high lead content. It probably has the following disposition:


Prestant 8
Holpijp 8
Quintadeen 8
Octaaf 4
Roerfluit 4
Quint 3
Octaaf 2
Fluit 2
Quint 1 1/2
Mixtuur 3-4st


Fluit doux 4
Octaaf 2
Octaaf 1



Man CDEFGA-g2-a2

Ronald IJmker plays the organ of the Reformed Church in Farmsum, Holland

For all the Saints -
R. IJmker

G. Bohm - Vater Unser im Himmelreich
R. IJmker

Air - J.S. Bach
R. IJmker

Psalm 91 - J. Zwart
R. IJmker

Festliche Musik alla Händel (Praise the Lord) - S. Karg Elert
R. IJmker

The Lohman-organ 

Around the construction of the new organ a strange game was played. Both J W Lohman and Timpe were invited to submit plans, not in itself abnormal. But then they had to judge their "opponent’s" plan and that gave a lot of accusations back and forth. In 1823 Lohman eventually built the organ, but to the specifications of Timpe. The instrument had a Hoofdwerk, Rugwerk, and an aangehangen pedaal. An extension with an independent pedal was provided for. Also on the two manuals was taken into account the addition of another rank. In January 1829, the interior of the church was refurbished with a new pulpit and pews, and in October the organ could be taken into use. In 1849, G W Lohman performed a major overhaul.

In 1856 the tower is demolished and replaced by a new, designed by J. Maris. The medieval church was in poor condition and in 1868 Peter van Oeckelen disassembles the organ due to the demolition of the building. A year later, the new church, designed by C. Wind is completed, and can van Oeckelen begin to place the organ again. The Swell is placed in a strange way: behind the iron fence of the organ balcony. They camouflaged to the extent possible "as an old-fashioned” piece of furniture in a new-fashioned building.

soundfile in .mp3-format
(10,8 MB)

Hervormde kerk Farmsum   Klaas Bolt plays:
Toccata and Fugue in C of Johan Gottfried Walther (1684-1748)

In 1870 the organ is back into service. It now has an independent pedal of eight voices and the Vox Humana has been revoiced. During a restoration in 1953 the company Mense Ruiter replaces the Quint 6 of the pedal by a Ruispijp. The major restoration of the instrument in 1976 shows that Quint is still present with the organ maker and is reinstated.

Also added to the disposition are:

Lohman-Cornet from 1810 (New Scheemda) is placed on the Hoofdwerk

Lohman-Flageolet (1816) that was left after the restoration of the organ of the Martini Church in Groningen was placed on the Rugwerk.

In 1994, Mense Ruiter restored the bellows.

The disposition of this organ is:

Bourdon 16
Praestant 8
Viool di Gamba 8
Quintadena 8
Octaaf 4
Roerfluit 4
Quint 3
Octaaf 2
Cornet 3st
Mixtuur 3-4st
Trompet 8 BD
Vox Humana 8

Fluit 16 D
Fluittravers 8 D
Holpijp 8 BD
Praestant 4
Fluit 4
Woudfluit 2
Flageolet 1
Dulciaan 8 BD

Praestant 16
Subbas 16
Violon 8
Holpijp 8
Quint 6
Octaaf 4
Bazuin 16
Trombone 8

Koppeling BD
Afsluiters voor HW, RW & P

Toonhoogte: 1/2 toon boven normaal
Op de sleep waar nu de Cornet staat was oorspronkelijk een "Nagthoorn 2" gedacht.



Psalm 25, Heer ik hef mijn hart en handen: Hervormde kerk Farmsum
Dennis Wubs

T. Faber 1649 Organ Hervormde kerk Zeerijp NL

Orgelspel na de preek: Hervormde kerk Zeerijp
Dennis Wubs

Orgelspel na de preek: Hervormde kerk Zeerijp
Dennis Wubs

Orgelspel na de preek: Hervormde kerk Zeerijp
Dennis Wubs

Psalm 67, God zij ons gunstig en genadig: Hervormde kerk Zeerijp
Dennis Wubs

Gwendolyn Toth plays
Courante Daphne from the Leningrad Manuscript (1646)
on the Faber organ of 1651 in Zeerijp, The Netherlands. July 2008

She uses the unique nightingale stop!


Theodorus  Faber (1600? - 1659) lived and worked most of his life in Groningen. He was candidate theologian, autodidact painter and organ builder.  He was in the Groningen administrative bodies and artistic circles and considered an influential man and also enjoyed regards as national organ builder.

Besides three newly created organs, namely the instruments Zeerijp (1645-51, his first all-new masterpiece), Coevorden (1657-58) and Groningen, Aa-kerk (1654-59), he led a number of repairs and he approved the work of other organ makers.

He also repaired clocks and occasionally painted cartouches like to Zeerijp. He died in 1659, after a lingering illness, while working on the major new organ in the  Aa-kerk in Groningen.  He left it unfinished. In 1667 Jacobus Galtus van Hagerbeer  completed this organ, the then largest work in the  Dutch Republic.

Faber's work is a unique synthesis between the regional Groningen organ style and the North German tradition. The organ builders as the family De Mare, Edo Evers, Anthoni Verbeeck were especially for Faber of major importance. Faber's work was more a summary of previous styles than that it was  focused on innovation.

His instruments would have sounded refined, singing and not penetratingly loud according to the views of the late Renaissance style, The monumental yet graceful Zeerijp organ case is considered to be one of the finest 17th-century organ furniture in the Netherlands.


Hoofdwerk: CDEFA - g" a"
Prestant 8'
Holpype 8'
Octave 4'
Octave 2'
Quinte Fl 3'
Mixtuer 4 - 6 st.
Cimbel 2 st.
Sufflet 1'
Trompett 8'

Rugwerk CDEFGA - g" a"
Prestant 4'
Quintadena 8'
Fluite 4'
Geemshoorn 2'
Super = Octave 2'
Sesquialter 2st.
Vox = Humana 8'

Pedaal CDEFGA - d'
Dooff 8'
Bardon 16'
Bas Bazuyn 16'

Tramblant Rug = Positijff
Omlopende Steerens
Ventyl Hw
Ventyl Rw

Toonhoogte: a' = 465 hz
Stemming: Middentoon
Bouwer: T. Faber
Bouwjaar: 1649

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